There is a long history of Panax ginseng use for aesthetic enhancement. In particular for more youthful skin, improved sports performance and anti ageing. Recent research has shown that ginseng may be an effective treatment for hair loss.
Study 1: Effects of ginseng rhizome and ginsenoside Ro on testosterone 5α-reductase and hair re-growth in testosterone-treated mice. This study took place at Kinki University in Osaka, Japan. The goal was to study the effect of Panax ginseng rhizome on hair health and regrowth in people suffering from alopecia. In previous studies, researchers noted that the rhizomes present in ginseng root can inhibit the effects of testosterone 5α-reductase, indicating the potential to treat various conditions that result in hair loss.
The researchers tested this hypothesis by applying two different Panax ginseng extracts to the skin of shaved mice treated with 5αR. The doses were 2 mg of ginseng rhizome per mouse, and 0.2 mg of the ginsenoside Ro per mouse. The results of the study seem to suggest that both ginseng rhizomes and the ginsenoside Ro promote hair regrowth in-vivo by inhibiting the activity of 5αR in the androgenetic alopecia model.
Study 2: Promotion of hair growth by ginseng radix on cultured mouse vibrissal hair follicles. Another study also carried out at Kinki University was carried out to see what variety of ginseng and what components of the ginseng root are the best at promoting hair regrowth. The researchers applied an extract of 70% methanol and Korean Red ginseng to the skin of shaved mice.
In addition to Red ginseng, researches also applied an extract of White ginseng, which does not contain the ginsenoside Rg(3). The results of the study showed that the extract of White ginseng was not effective at promoting hair regrowth, but the Korean Red ginseng extract was highly effective. This indicates that it is the ginsenoside Rg(3) that is most responsible for promoting hair health.
Study 3: Fructuspanax ginseng extract promotes hair regeneration in C57BL/6 mice. The Department of Oriental Medical Food and Nutrition at Semyung University investigated the effect of Panax ginseng on the proliferation of hair dermal papilla cells in humans, as well as hair regeneration in mice.
The researchers compared the effect of Panax ginseng to the commonly used hair regrowth medication, Minoxidil. Mice were separated into a number of groups, with some receiving topical applications of a Panax ginseng extract at between 1 and 10 mg/ml, and others receiving a 5% solution of Minoxidil.
Study 4: Efficacy of Korean Red Ginseng in the Treatment of Atopic Dermatitis. In this study, researchers gave human patients an orally administered Korean Red ginseng extract for 16 weeks.
The extract’s dose was equivalent to 3g of ginseng root. After the 16-week study, the research team analyzed and measured the change in hair growth using the SCORAD index, and came to the conclusion that Panax ginseng may promote hair density in young patients of both genders suffering from atopic dermatitis.
Male-pattern baldness - it's the most common type of baldness for men and affects about half of the male population by the time they turn 50 years old.
Female-pattern baldness - it's the same as in men, can affect some women and in most cases they experience thinning hair on top of the head.
Alopecia areata - even though it can affect people of any age, it mostly occurs in teenagers and young adults. When there is an issue with the immune system, people would experience coin size patches of thinning of hair anywhere on the body. The process is reversible once the immune system is working properly again.
Scarring alopecia - occurs as a complication of certain skin conditions, the process is irreversible as the follicles get destroyed. It mostly affects adults
Anagen effluvium - this is the type of hair loss that can occur anywhere on the human body and is usually a resul of chemotherapy. Some time after the chemotherapy has stopped the hair will start to grow back.
Telogen effluvium - hormonal changes, like pregnancy in women, intense emotional and physical stress, significant changes in the diet, long-term illnesses and certain medications can all cause a widespread thinning of the hair. Which means you don't lose them all and once the root cause is sorted the hair will start growing back within six months.
How is hair loss treated? There aren't real treatment options for the common types of hair loss. In most cases, where possible you can deal with the root cause and your hair will sort itself out. As with many supplements, Panax Ginseng can help you maintain a strong immune system to prevent hair loss and other hair problems.
If your hair loss is significant and sudden and there is no apparent reason for it, see your doctor to figure out which type you have and what way to deal with it.
There are also some surgical options for hair loss, including a hair transplant and artificial hair implants.